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Prevention of Stroke in Women

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Key Points Î In the United States, more than half (53.5%) of the estimated 795,000 new or recurrent strokes occur among women annually, resulting in ≈55,000 more stroke events in women than men. Î Most (87%) strokes are ischemic (IS), with the remainder hemorrhagic (10% intracerebral [ICH] and 3% subarachnoid [SAH]). Table 1. Stroke Risk Factors, Categorized by Those That Are Sex-Specific, Stronger or More Prevalent in Women, or Similar Between Women and Men Risk Factor Sex-Specific Stronger or More Prevalent in Women Similar Prevalence in Men and Women but Unknown Difference in Impact Pregnancy X Preeclampsia X Gestational diabetes X Oral contraceptive use X Postmenopausal hormone use X Changes in hormonal status X Migraine with aura X Atrial fibrillation X Diabetes mellitus X Hypertension X Physical inactivity X Age X Prior cardiovascular disease X Obesity X Diet X Smoking X Metabolic syndrome X Depression X Psychosocial stress X

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