AAO-HNS GUIDELINES Bundle (free trial)

Tonsillectomy - 2019 Update

American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation GUIDELINES Apps brought to you free pf charge, courtesy of Guideline Central. Enjoy!

Issue link: https://eguideline.guidelinecentral.com/i/1073670

Contents of this Issue


Page 1 of 13

2 Key Points Î Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in the United States, with 289,000 ambulatory procedures performed annually in children <15 years of age based on the most recent published data. Î Indications for surgery include recurrent throat infections and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing (oSDB), both of which can substantially impact child health status and quality of life (QoL). Î Although there are benefits of tonsillectomy, complications of surgery may include throat pain, postoperative nausea and vomiting, dehydration, delayed feeding, speech disorders such as velopharyngeal incompetence (VPI), bleeding, and rarely death. Table 1. Definitions of Words Used in the Guideline Tonsillectomy A surgical procedure performed with or without adenoidectomy that completely removes the tonsil, including its capsule, by dissecting the peritonsillar space between the tonsil capsule and the muscular wall. roat infection Sore throat caused by viral or bacterial infection of the pharynx, palatine tonsils, or both, which may or may not be culture positive for group A streptococcus. is includes the terms strep throat, acute tonsillitis, pharyngitis, adenotonsillitis or tonsillopharyngitis. Obstructive sleep- disordered breathing (oSDB) Clinical diagnosis characterized by obstructive abnormalities of the respiratory pattern or the adequacy of oxygenation/ ventilation during sleep, which include snoring, mouth breathing, and pauses in breathing. oSDB encompasses a spectrum of obstructive disorders that increases in severity from primary snoring to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Daytime symptoms associated with oSDB may include inattention, poor concentration, hyperactivity or excessive sleepiness. e term oSDB is used to distinguish oSDB from SDB that includes central apnea and/or abnormalities of ventilation (e.g. hypopnea associated hypoventilation). Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) Diagnosed when oSDB is accompanied by an abnormal polysomnography (PSG) with an obstructive apnea-hyponea index (AHI) ≥1. It is a disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction (obstructive apnea) that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns. Caregiver Used throughout the document to refer to parents, guardians or other adults providing care to children under consideration for or undergoing tonsillectomy.

Articles in this issue

Archives of this issue

view archives of AAO-HNS GUIDELINES Bundle (free trial) - Tonsillectomy - 2019 Update