Low-Carbohydrate Nutrition Approaches in Patients with Obesity, Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes

Low Carb Nutritional Approaches - Guidelines Advisory

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8 Description of Approaches Figure 1. Reading a Nutrition Facts Label Total Carbs ▶ Look at the serving size and total carbohydrate sections ▶ In this example, 4 grams carbohydrate = 4 total grams of carbohydrate per 1 cup of cauliflower ▶ TOTAL CARBS is used when individuals are trying to lose weight most effectively Net Carbs ▶ Look at the serving size, total carbohydrate and dietary fiber sections. ▶ Subtract dietary fiber from total carbohydrate to get the "net carbs." ▶ In this example, 4 grams carbohydrate – 2 grams fiber = 2 grams "net carbs" per 1 cup of cauliflower. ▶ NET CARBS is more often used for individuals trying to lose weight more gradually or maintain body weight. ▶ Packaged or processed low- carbohydrate foods often contain sweeteners called sugar alcohols (e.g., erythritol, maltitol, xylitol, isomalt) that are carbohydrates. Some people think sugar alcohols can be subtracted similar to fiber when calculating "net carbs," but most of them contain about half the calories per gram that carbohydrates contain. There are two ways to count carbs: TOTAL CARBS or NET CARBS

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